Software Testing Strategies and Approaches | BrowserStack (2024)

Home Guide Software Testing Strategies and Approaches

By Shreya Bose, Community Contributor - March 8, 2022

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Strategy and investment must be considered two significant factors when venturing into a software testing project. Strategy comes first. Determining the overall project investment is impossible without knowing what techniques and tools are required to test a website or app.

  • The first step to determining strategy is clearly understanding the most effective software testing strategies.
  • Specific tests require a close understanding of code and the relevant system being run, while others don’t.
  • Tests must be executed manually, while others can be safely automated.
  • Different testing strategies require specific levels of technical skill, knowledge, and tools.

Going ahead, the article will delve intosoftware testing strategies for fast, accurate, and effective verification of websites and apps on a Real Device Cloud.

Types of Software Testing Strategies & Approaches

1. Static Testing Strategy

A static test evaluates the quality of a system without actually running the system. While that may seem impossible, it can be accomplished in a few ways.

  • The static test looks at portions or system elements to detect problems as early as possible. For example, developers review their code after writing and before pushing it. This is called desk-checking, a form of static testing. Another example of a static test would be a review meeting to evaluate requirements, design, and code.
  • Static tests offer a decided advantage: If a problem is detected in the requirements before it develops into a bug in the system, it will save time and money.
  • If a preliminary code review leads to bug detection, it saves the trouble of building, installing, and running a system to find and fix the bug.

It is possible to perform automated static tests with the right tools. C programmers can use the lint program to identify potential bugs, while Java users can utilize JTest to check their scripts against a coding standard.

  • Static tests must be performed at the right time. For example, reviewing requirements after developers have finished coding the entire software can help testers design test cases.
  • But testers cannot detect bugs in already written code without running the system, thus defeating the purpose of static tests. In this case, the code must be reviewed by individual developers as soon as it is created and before it is integrated.

Software Testing Strategies and Approaches | BrowserStack (1)

Additionally, static tests must be run not just by technical personnel but other stakeholders. Business domain experts must review requirements, system architects must review design, and so on. Testers’ feedback is also imperative since they are trained to spot inconsistencies, missing details, vague functionality, etc.

Follow-Up Read: Synchronize Business Analysis, DevOps, and QA with Cloud Testing

2. Structural Testing Strategy

While static tests are pretty helpful, they are not adequate. The software needs to be operated on real devices, and the system has to be run in its entirety to find all bugs. Structural tests are one of the techniques under unit testing.

  • It is also called white-box testing because they are run by testers with thorough knowledge of the devices and systems it is functioning on.
  • It is often run on individual components and interfaces to identify localized errors in data flows.

A good example would be reusable, automated test harnesses for the tested system. With this harness, coders can create structural test cases for components after writing each element’s code. Then, they register the tests into the source code repository and the main component during integration.

A well-crafted test harness will run the tests every time new code is added, thus serving as a regression test suite.

With BrowserStack, you can amp up your software testing strategies and scale up by performing:

  • Regression Testing with Selenium
  • Visual Regression with WebdriverIO
  • Visual Regression with Playwright
  • Visual Regression with Cypress
  • Visual Regression with NightwatchJS
  • Visual Regression with Storybook (UI Components)
  • Visual Regression using TestCafe

Since creating structural tests require a thorough understanding of the software being tested, they should be executed by developers or highly skilled testers.

  • In the best-case scenario, devs and testers work together to set up regular test harnesses.
  • Testers are especially helpful when developing reusable and shareable test scripts and cases, which cut down on time and effort in the long run.

3. Behavioral Testing Strategy

Behavioral Testing focuses on how a system acts rather than the mechanism behind its functions. It focuses on workflows, configurations, performance, and all elements of the user journey. The point of these tests, often called “black box” tests, is to test a website or app from an end-user’s perspective.

  • It must cover multiple user profiles as well as usage scenarios.
  • Focus on fully integrated systems rather than individual components. This is because it is possible to gauge system behavior from a user’s eyes only after it has been assembled and integrated to a significant extent.
  • Behavioral tests are run manually, though some can be automated.
  • Manual testing requires careful planning, design, and meticulous checking of results to detect what goes wrong.
  • On the other hand, automation testing runs repetitive actions, such as regression tests which check that new code has not disrupted existing features that are working well. For example, a website needs to be tested by filling in 50 fields in a form. Now, this action needs to be repeated with multiple sets of values. Let a machine handle this rather than risk wasting time, human effort, and human error is wiser.

Behavioral testing does require some understanding of the system’s technicality. Testers need some measure of insight into the business side of the software, especially about what target users want. To create test scenarios, they must know what users will likely do once they access a website or app.

If your enterprise testing strategy involves more automation and manual testing for those one-off cases, don’t miss what David Burns has to say about Selenium 4 features – which is the most preferred tool suite forautomated cross-browser testing of web applications.

Software Testing Strategies and Approaches | BrowserStack (2)

Run Selenium Tests on the Cloud

4. Front-End Testing Strategy

Front-end refers to the user-facing part of an app, which is the primary interface for content consumption and business transactions. Front End Testing is a key part of any SDLC as it validates GUI elements are functioning as expected.

We can broadly break them into the following categories of software testing types and approaches:

  • Unit Testing: this is the first testing layer built into the codebase that includes test functions running before the app is built and tests various individual processes and modules.
  • Functional Testing: entails testing features and components through a manual user interface on the front end. At this stage, everything is usually mock data.
  • Integration Testing: wiring up the front-end components to back-end services and ensuring proper integration from client inputs, through APIs, to database management, running at this stage on a test environment.
  • System/UI Testing: after a test version of UI has successfully been integrated with the back-end service, it is now ready for automated testing and analysis by developers working closely with the QA team.
  • Performance/Load Testing: It verifies that an app can handle the expected load and scale, considering the optimal load and usage scenario.
  • Stress/Security Testing: Stress testing verifies that an app can handle unexpected load and scale. It also evaluates the response when it is hit with usage and threats beyond the expected limit.
  • Accessibility Testing: Accessibility testing verifies that people with disabilities can use an application.

How to choose from different Software Testing Strategies?

A strategic approach to software testing must take the following into account:

  • Risks: Consider the risks during testing. Is there a possibility that tests will disrupt software function? For example, if an app is already established in the digital market, tests for new features or updates can put the app at risk of a crash or scrambling of some features. In this case, testers may need to look into regression-averse strategies.
  • Objectives: Is the testing strategy satisfying all the requirements and needs of the stakeholders? Tests shouldn’t just gauge if all software features are functioning as expected and if they meet the business requirements and genuinely benefit the users.
  • Regulations: Does the software being tested meet all regulations related to its industry (and the digital sphere)? Usually, the same app or website will be subject to different regulations in different geographical regions. Testers must be knowledgeable about local regulations so that the software does not inadvertently end up breaking the law.

Also Read: QA Best Practices to broaden their Testing Strategies

Key Elements of an Effective Test Automation Strategy

As more teams embrace test automation, they will require the right tools and skillsets with the right test automation strategy. Since automation requires multiple frameworks languages, imposing the following key elements on the whole process is imperative:

  • Defined scope and goals
  • Establishing the test approach
  • Selecting the right tools
  • Designing appropriate test cases
  • Creating a realistic execution plan
  • Review test results thoroughly

Real Device Cloud for an Accurate Software Testing Approach

The point of having robust software testing strategies is to identify bugs efficiently. Testers must be clear on how frequently a bug occurs and how it affects the software.

  • The best way to detect all bugs is to run software through real devices and browsers.
  • When it comes to a website, ensure it is under the purview of manual and automation testing. Automated Selenium testing should supplement manual tests so that testers do not miss any bugs in the Quality Assurance process.
  • Websites must also be put through extensive cross-browser testing to function consistently, regardless of the browser they are being accessed by.
  • Using browsers installed on real devices is the only way to guarantee cross-browser compatibility and not alienate users. The same applies to apps.
  • Most teams cannot access an in-house lab with the requisite number and variety of device-OS combinations for real-world testing.
  • Whether manual or automated, mobile app testing cannot be accurately conducted without real Android & iOS devices, as shown below.

Software Testing Strategies and Approaches | BrowserStack (3)

Software Testing Strategies and Approaches | BrowserStack (4)In the following video, Maja Frydrychowicz, Sr. Software Engineer at Mozilla, examines automation support from a browser perspective that leads to a better cross-browser testing experience.

Software Testing Strategies and Approaches | BrowserStack (5)

  • Automated app testingalso requires testers with technical expertise in handling the necessarymobile application testing frameworks, test scripts, etc.
  • Each app must be optimized to offer flawless performance on an increasing number of device profiles.
  • QA teams must also keep the different versions of every operating system accompanying these devices.

A clear comprehension of test automation strategies is essential to building test suites, scripts, and timelines that offer fast and accurate results. This is equally true for manual tests. Don’t start testing without knowing what techniques to use, what approach to follow and how the software is expected to perform.

However, software testing strategies are not incomplete without adequate reporting and analytics. With, you can fill in the gaps. It captures the breadth and width of your test suite, giving insights into the devices, desktops, and operating systems you have been testing.

Software Testing Strategies and Approaches | BrowserStack (6)The information in this article intends to provide a starting point for building constructive testing plans by detailing what strategies exist for testers to explore in the first place. Once you pinpoint a system, your next action plan should run tests on real devices under real user conditions.

Try Testing on Real Device Cloud

Software Testing Strategies and Approaches | BrowserStack (2024)


Software Testing Strategies and Approaches | BrowserStack? ›

A strategic Approach for Software testing

Verification refers to the set of activities that ensure that software correctly implements a specific function. ( Ex: Are we building the product right? ) Validation refers to the set of activities that ensure that the software built is traceable to customer requirements.

What is a strategic approach to software testing? ›

A strategic Approach for Software testing

Verification refers to the set of activities that ensure that software correctly implements a specific function. ( Ex: Are we building the product right? ) Validation refers to the set of activities that ensure that the software built is traceable to customer requirements.

What is software testing and its approaches? ›

Software testing is the process of evaluating and verifying that a software product or application does what it is supposed to do. The benefits of testing include preventing bugs, reducing development costs and improving performance. Test management plan.

What are 5 testing strategies? ›

However, there are some general test taking strategies that will improve your chances of getting the grade you want on most, if not all, tests.
  1. Listen to the Instructions. ...
  2. Read the Entire Test. ...
  3. Do a “Brain Dump” ...
  4. Answer the Questions You Know First. ...
  5. Answer the Questions You Skipped. ...
  6. Be Sure the Test is Complete.
Sep 29, 2022

What are the four 4 basic testing methods? ›

There are generally four recognized levels of testing: unit/component testing, integration testing, system testing, and acceptance testing.

Which testing strategy is best? ›

Some of the testing methodologies that may be part of an organization's testing strategy are:
  • Analytical strategy.
  • Model based strategy.
  • Methodical strategy.
  • Standards compliant or Process compliant strategy.
  • Reactive strategy.
  • Consultative strategy.
  • Regression averse strategy.

What is the test approach for agile? ›

An agile testing strategy is an approach to software development in which testers collaborate with customers, end users, and teams across the development pipeline to reach an optimal outcome. With the agile methodology, processes are ever-evolving based on new findings—and outdated practices are phased out accordingly.

What are the two major types of testing strategies? ›

There are two methods used in executing test cases: manual and automated. Depending on the nature of the testing, it is usually the case that a combination of manual and automated testing is the best testing method.

How do you approach QA testing? ›

5 steps approach to testing and improving QA
  1. Clarify requirements. ...
  2. Ensure quality code production. ...
  3. Set up the right environments for QA. ...
  4. Conduct test coverage and tests cases review sessions regularly. ...
  5. Define QA for your team.
May 10, 2023

What are the two basic testing strategies used to design test cases? ›

Test Case Design Techniques in Software Testing
  • Specification-Based or Black-Box techniques.
  • Structure-Based or White-Box techniques.
  • Experience-Based techniques.

What are the 4 main types of software testing? ›

The different types of tests
  • Unit tests. Unit tests are very low level and close to the source of an application. ...
  • Integration tests. ...
  • Functional tests. ...
  • End-to-end tests. ...
  • Acceptance testing. ...
  • Performance testing. ...
  • Smoke testing.

What are the two approaches of software? ›

There are two main approaches to software analysis and design, namely, Function-Oriented Approach and Object-Oriented Approach.

What does approaches mean on a test? ›

For the STAAR program, the labels for the performance categories are. • Masters Grade Level (passing) • Meets Grade Level (passing) • Approaches Grade Level (passing) • Did Not Meet Grade Level (not passing)

What are 10 test taking strategies? ›

Multiple/Choice Test Tips
  • Answer all questions in order. ...
  • Read questions carefully. ...
  • Words like always, never, completely, and only are absolutes. ...
  • Watch for words like not, least, and except. ...
  • Anticipate the answer. ...
  • Eliminate answers. ...
  • Go with your first choice. ...
  • Don't look for answers to fall in a pattern.

What are the three phases of testing? ›

Box 11.1Three Phases of Laboratory Testing
  • Preanalytical phase. Selecting the appropriate test, obtaining the specimen, labeling it with the patient's name, providing timely transport to the laboratory, registering receipt in the laboratory, and processing before testing.
  • Analytical phase. ...
  • Postanalytical phase.

What are the three categories of testing? ›

Function Testing has three types of testing viz- unit testing, integration testing, and system testing. Unit testing involves a developer separately testing each and every unit of an application. Each source code module is tested in the developer's environment.

What are the 3 basic strategies? ›

According to Porter's Generic Strategies model, there are three basic strategic options available to organizations for gaining competitive advantage. These are: Cost Leadership, Differentiation and Focus.

What are the 3 types of strategy? ›

Within the domain of well-defined strategy, there are three uniquely different and crucial strategy types:
  • Business strategy.
  • Operational strategy.
  • Transformational strategy.

How can I improve my software testing skills? ›

Here are seven tips to improve your software testing efficiency.
  1. Organize everything. Preparing effective software testing environments and tasks requires communication with many people. ...
  2. Write detailed bug reports. ...
  3. Write clear test cases. ...
  4. Take part and communicate. ...
  5. Ask yourself questions. ...
  6. Be positive. ...
  7. Don't test.
Apr 9, 2015

What is the testing life cycle in scrum? ›

The testing life cycle in iterative Scrum starts with a period of gearing up for development iterations. During development, testing will concentrate on writing and running functional test cases. These can be run manually or placed into an automated test environment, which can be run as needed.

What is software testing life cycle? ›

Software Testing Life Cycle (STLC) is a process used to test software and ensure that quality standards are met. Tests are carried out systematically over several phases. During product development, phases of the STLC may be performed multiple times until a product is deemed suitable for release.

What is software strategy? ›

What is Software Strategy? Software strategy is how you approach the software side of technology in your business. Other areas of IT include hardware, hosting, IT infrastructure, etc, but software strategy specifically focuses on things like: What tech stack (languages, frameworks, and tools) do you use?

What is basic QA methodology? ›

What is a QA methodology? Quality assurance methodologies describe actions that teams take to organize and optimize the process of QA planning, design, monitoring, and optimization. QA, software testing and development methodologies are often the same – teams use similar approaches for all engineering process.

How would you approach a new project as a QA? ›

Let's have a deeper look at QA processes and how they are connected with the development steps.
  1. Step one: review requirements and documentation. ...
  2. Step two: plan and prepare test cases. ...
  3. Step three: design test cases. ...
  4. Step four: report and measure. ...
  5. Step five: verifying fixes.
Sep 27, 2022

How to start QA testing with no experience? ›

The qualifications that you need to become a quality assurance tester (QA tester) with no experience include a computer-related degree, the ability to undergo training, and computer coding skills.

What are the five phases of software testing? ›

6 key phases of software testing lifecycle
  • Requirement analysis. During this phase, testers map the environments in which the software will run and determine who will use the app. ...
  • Test planning. ...
  • Test case development. ...
  • Test environment setup. ...
  • Test execution. ...
  • Test reporting.
Jun 3, 2022

What is the most common type of software testing? ›

Regression Testing is one of the most common forms of testing and involves re-execution of previous test cases. It repeats all previous functional and non-functional tests to ensure that the system continues to perform satisfactorily even after changes, updates, or modifications.

Who should perform UAT testing? ›

Who performs UAT? End users normally perform user acceptance testing. They are the most effective group to test software in this form because they know exactly how the software will be used on a daily basis and what changes need to be made to be suitable for this day-to-day use.

What are the two main approaches to SDLC? ›

The predictive approach to the SDLC is used for projects that are well understood and low risk. The adaptive approach to the SDLC is used for projects that are not well understood and are higher risk. Adaptive SDLCs are more iterative and allow the project team to adapt the project to changing circ*mstances.

What are the three basic approaches to developing application software? ›

There are fur main types of software development approaches which are: Waterfall Approach. Incremental Approach. Spiral Approach.

What is the difference between agile approach and object oriented approach? ›

OOP is a programming paradigm as opposed to Procedural or Functional programming. Agile development has no implication on the programming paradigm used, but rather describes a mindset and a methodology how to approach software development in general.

What is the categories of approaches in test analysis? ›

A test approach is a way of working for designing and executing tests. There are two groups of test approaches: experience-based testing and coverage-based testing. The test approach is the approach that someone takes when creating test cases.

How do you Analyse test results? ›

To accurately interpret test scores, the teacher needs to analyze the performance of the test as a whole and of the individual test items, and to use these data to draw valid inferences about student performance. This information also helps teachers prepare for posttest discussions with students about the exam.

What is the importance of approaches in language testing? ›

The approach beliefs that someone/ a student is considered successful in learning the target language if she/he can communicate or use knowledge and skills by way of authentic listening, speaking , reading and writing. Communicative language tests have to be as accurate a reflection of that situation as possible.

How many types of testing strategies are there? ›

Some of the testing methodologies that may be part of an organization's testing strategy are: Analytical strategy. Model based strategy. Methodical strategy.

What are the three phase of testing? ›

In order to successfully Test and Tag a 3 Phase appliance, there are three tests you can perform: an Earth Bond (an essential test), Insulation Resistance and Leakage test. Our two videos listed below will properly demonstrate how to conduct these tests correctly.

What are two 2 main types methodologies of software testing? ›

The main types of software testing from the perspective of testing objectives are functional testing and non-functional testing.

What are the seven steps of software testing? ›

Let's dig into these sequential phases of the software testing life cycle:
  • Requirement analysis.
  • Test planning.
  • Test case design and development.
  • Test environment setup.
  • Test execution.
  • Test cycle closure.
Aug 31, 2021

What are the three primary types of test plans? ›

A test plan is a comprehensive document that lists the test strategy, goals, timetable, projections, deadlines, and resources needed to complete that specific project. The sorts of test plans are as follows: Master Test Plan, Test phase plan, and Specific test Plan.


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